This species is known from the eastern slopes of the Andes in Colombia (Putumayo department) and Ecuador (Sucumbios and Napo provinces). It can be found between 600-2,410m asl. Specimens from another two localities in the Western and Central Cordilleras of Colombia have also been assigned to this species.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in foothill and cloud forests, and also in secondary habitats and pastures near the edge of cloud forest. During the rainy season it can be found in very humid places and under stones in unflooded areas (Mueses-Cisneros, 2005). It lays eggs in holes in the ground in very humid areas. The adults guard the eggs, and the larvae move into water to complete their development.
The abundance of this species is poorly known.
Deforestation as a result of expanding agriculture is a potential threat, but there is not enough information to confirm this, especially since it has been recorded from secondary habitats.
In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with the Reserva Ecológica Cayambe Coca and some other protected areas. It is not confirmed from any protected areas in Colombia.
This is a poorly circumscribed species in need of taxonomic review (M. Wilkinson pers. comm.). It is probable that specimens from Colombia and Ecuador belong to different species (J. Lynch pers. comm.).
Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Fernando Nogales, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Mark Wilkinson, Marvalee Wake 2010. Caecilia orientalis. In: IUCN 2013