This species is known with certainty from only two populations, in Wayanad in Kerala and the Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu, in the southern Western Ghats of India. Reports of this species from Maharashtra require further confirmation and are not included as part of this assessment. It has been recorded from 800-1,600m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is associated with stagnant and running waters in disturbed forest and cultivated areas adjacent to forests, and is not found in cultivated areas away from the forest. Breeding takes place in both artificial and natural ponds. There is little information on its larval ecology.
It is a locally common species.
The main threats to this species are continuing habitat loss due to agriculture (involving crops, livestock farming, and plantations) and human settlement.
It is present in the Nilgiri Biosphere Protected Area, and is protected by national legislation. It is included as part of ongoing field studies from 1998 onwards (S.D. Biju pers. comm.).
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Robert Inger 2004. Zakerana nilagirica. In: IUCN 2013.2 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. .