A plump frog with short hind limbs, webbed toes and spoon shaped fingertips. Males up to 60mm SVL, females slightly larger (65mm). Dark brown overall with white-tipped tubercles giving a granular appearance. Inguinal spot brick red in specimens from Java, other populations with yellow inguinal spots (Iskandar, 1998).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Thailand
A fossorial species found in primary and secondary forest in peninsular Malaysia and Borneo, Indonesia (Sumatra, Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi), Southern Thailand, Borneo, and the Philippines.
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Reproduction occurs during periods of heavy rainfall, and tadpoles take about 2 weeks to metamorphose. (Iskandar, 1998).
Trends and Threats
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Habitat modification from deforestation, or logging related activities
Iskandar, D. T. (1998). The Amphibians of Java and Bali. Research and Development Centre for Biology-LIPI, Bogor, Indonesia.
Written by Janel Marcelino (janel_m AT berkeley.edu), Amphibaweb intern
First submitted 2006-04-21
Edited by Tom Devitt (2007-03-14)
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