Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Philippines
View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.
IUCN (Red List) status: Vulnerable (VU).
For Red List information on this species, see the IUCN species account.
From the IUCN Red List Species Account:
This species is endemic to the Philippine islands of Balabac, Busuanga, Culion and Palawan. At present, the population on Mindoro is also attributed to this species. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest, especially in areas between known sites on Palawan.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits streams, rivers and pools in lower montane and lowland forests. Eggs are deposited on rocks or vegetation beside rivers and streams usually above water. It is somewhat adaptable, especially to modified wetland habitats.
It is a common species.
Threats include deforestation due to agriculture, and the pollution of streams and rivers from agricultural pesticides, herbicides, and mine-tailings. Harvesting for human subsistence is a possible threat.
There remains a need for much improved protection of the remaining rainforest habitats on Palawan, especially riverine habitats and gallery forests. Conservation measures must include the regulation and proper disposal of pesticides and herbicides. Human exploitation of this species needs to be investigated to determine if this activity needs to be regulated.
Taxonomic studies are needed to determine the status of the various populations of this species.
Arvin Diesmos, Angel Alcala, Rafe Brown, Leticia Afuang, Genevieve Gee, Katie Hampson, Mae Leonida Diesmos, Aldrin Mallari, Perry Ong, Dondi Ubaldo, Baldwin Gutierrez 2004. Limnonectes acanthi. In: IUCN 2012