Nearly all records of this species are from the hill and mountain areas of Myanmar, west Thailand and the Thai-Malay Peninsula (Smith, 1940, Taylor, 1962, Berry, 1975 and Kiew, 1987), with outliers in northern Viet Nam and Lao People's Democratic Republic (Bourret, 1941 and Stuart, 1999). It is also known from Phuket Island in Thailand, Natuna Besar Island in Indonesia, Penang, Pulau Langkawi and Tioman Islands in Malaysia, but surprisingly not from China. It has not been recorded in surveys in Cambodia or southern Viet Nam. It is not present in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India (I. Das pers. comm.). It occurs between 50 and 1,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It characteristically lives on fairly steep slopes in evergreen forest (rainforest or monsoon forest, primary or regenerated) with a fairly dense leaf-litter layer on soil, sloping to small streams. Males make an eggcup under forest floor leaf-litter, and the eggs develop directly without an aquatic larval stage (Taylor, 1962).
In appropriate habitat the species is not uncommon, based on distinctive calls. The animals are very rarely seen and are quite difficult to locate and catch.
There are no major threats to the whole population at present. Populations persist in abandoned rubber plantations within the Kuala Lumpur metropolis, indicating the robustness of populations (P. van Dijk pers. comm.).
It inhabits a number of protected areas in Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. A study of the taxonomic variability of this single widespread taxon would be interesting to compare to the great radiation that the direct-developing frogs of Sri Lanka show.
This form is a complex of more than one species of which Limnonectes limborgii is probably a separate species (Dubois 1987).
Peter Paul van Dijk, Bryan Stuart, Indraneil Das 2004. Limnonectes hascheanus. In: IUCN 2013