© 2012 Sean Reilly (1 of 2)
Limnonectes kadarsani can be distinguished from other Limnonectes species by the presence of two dorsal tubercle rows in juveniles, moderately large adult size (larger than L. modestus but smaller than L. macrodon), large exoccipital crests in males, lack of vocal sacs in males, enlarged head of males, and lack of odontoid processes in females and juveniles (Iskandar et al. 1996).
Males are slightly larger than females, with wider heads. Growth of the exoccipital crest (a bony projection at the back of the skull) results in a greater distance between the eyes and tympana in adult males (up to 15 mm as opposed to the 4-6 mm seen in females). The exoccipital crest is externally visible as a raised knob at the back of the head in adult males (Iskandar et al. 1996).
In alcohol, the dorsum appears reddish-brown or grayish-brown, with a black supratympanic fold. The ventral surface is lighter and dusted with gray (Iskandar et al. 1996).
Distribution and Habitat
Limnonectes kadarsani can be found in canopy covered primary or secondary forests, in and around streams (Iskandar and Mumpuni 2004).
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Trends and Threats
Relation to Humans
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Limnonectes kadarsani is most closely related to L. macrodon, and is slightly more distantly related to L. modestus (Iskandar et al. 1996).
Limnonectes kadarsani was previously believed to be a part of L. macrodon. Specimens from Lombok island have previously been identified as L. modestus (Iskandar et al. 1996).
Iskandar, D. T., Boeadi, and Sancoyo, M. (1996). ''Limnonectes kadarsani (Amphibia: Anura: Ranidae), a new frog from the Nusa Tenggara Islands.'' The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 44(1), 21-28.
Iskandar, D., and Mumpuni (2004). Limnonectes kadarsani. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 29 April 2013.
Written by John Cavagnaro (john.cavagnaro AT berkeley.edu), UC Berkeley
First submitted 2013-05-29
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2013 Limnonectes kadarsani <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/5667> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jan 20, 2017.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 20 Jan 2017.
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