This species is known from northeastern India (Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh), Myanmar (the Dawna Hills, Schwe Settaw on the Shan/Mandalay border, and Kachin Hkakabo National Park), the Chumphon area of Thailand, extreme southern Thailand, throughout Peninsular Malaysia, and central and western Sarawak, central Kalimantan and Brunei in Borneo, and in Sumatra, Indonesia. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest, especially in areas between known sites. The altitudinal range is from 50-1,400 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits small shallow streams in closed-canopy rainforest, and is associated with sand, gravel and rocks. In Borneo this species occurs along the banks of small streams, in pools in swampy streams, in seepage areas near streams in hilly primary forest, and in road-side rainwater drains.
It is common in suitable habitat in Peninsular Malaysia. It is either localized in occurrence or rare in most of Thailand. It is locally abundant in Sumatra, and occurs patchily in Borneo, although a recent study found it to be the most abundant anuran species in the Matang Range (Das et al. 2007).
Deforestation is the major threat to this species, leading to range constriction and fragmentation.
The species is well represented in protected areas and watershed protection forests in Peninsular Malaysia. In India it has been reported from Pakhui Wild Life Sanctuary and the Dihang-Dibang Biosphere Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh. In Borneo, effective preservation of hilly lowland rainforest, especially in Kalimantan, is needed, although it has been recorded for Kubah National Park (Das et al. 2007). Verification of the taxonomic status and variability across its wide and apparently disjunctive distribution is needed. It is protected by national legislation in India.
This form is a complex comprising at least three species.
van Dijk, P.P., Iskandar, D., Inger, R., Sengupta, S. & Bordoloi, S. 2009. Limnonectes laticeps. In: IUCN 2013