© 2007 Alexander Haas (1 of 2)
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore
Malaysian region distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak
IUCN (Red List) status: Near Threatened (NT).
For photos of Limnonectes paramacrodon adults and larvae and another species account, see www.frogsofborneo.org.
This species is known from scattered localities in Peninsular Malaysia (Berry 1975; Dring 1979) and Borneo, and it has been recorded from Singapore (Lim and Lim 1992), southern Thailand (Chan-ard pers. comm.) and Natuna Besar and Sumatra, Indonesia. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest. It occurs at altitudes below 200m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It generally inhabits lowland swamp forest areas with small rivers and streams. Adults are found along clay and gravel stream banks, and breeding takes place in these streams. It appears to be able to tolerate selective logging, but does not adapt to more heavily modified habitats.
There is no information on its population status.
The principal threats to this species are destruction of forests through clear-cutting, conversion to non-timber plantations, urbanization, fire and water extraction.
It is present in protected areas in Borneo and the Malay Peninsula (such as Pasoh Forest Reserve and Tasek Bera). Effective preservation of the remaining lowland swamp forest is the main conservation measure recommended for this species.
Peter Paul van Dijk, Djoko Iskandar, Robert Inger, Norsham Yaakob, Leong Tzi Ming, Yodchaiy Chuaynkern 2004. Limnonectes paramacrodon. In: IUCN 2012