This species occurs in the highlands of central and southern Viet Nam and eastern Cambodia. There are records in Viet Nam from the following locations (arranged from north to south): Minh Hoa in Quang Binh Province; Dong Tam Ve and Huong Hoa in Quang Tri Province; A Luoi and Thua Luu in Thua Thien-Hue Province; Tra My, Nam Giang and Tay Giang in Quang Nam Province; Kon Plong in Kon Tum Province; K Bang, Kon Cha Rang and Krong Pa in Gia Lai Province; Yok Don and near Chu Yang Sin Nature Reserve in Dak Lak Province; Da The and Lac Duong in Lam Dong Province; and Cat Tien in Dong Nai Province (Nguyen Quang Truong, pers. comm.; Bourret 1942; Ziegler et al., 2006); N. Orlov, pers. comm.). In Cambodia it is known from Mondolkiri Province. It can be expected to occur more widely, in particular in locations between the currently known sites, and probably in neighbouring Laos. It has been recorded between 100 and 1,000m asl (Nguyen Quang Truong, pers. comm.).
Habitat and Ecology
This species is only found in forests in upland areas, where it is associated with streams and can also be found away from streams on the forest floor (Nguyen Quang Truong, pers. comm.). It has been found in limestone areas (Ziegler et al., 2006). It presumably breeds in streams by larval development. In central Viet Nam it has been found in disturbed forest, but not outside forest (Nguyen Quang Truong, pers. comm.).
It is an uncommon species (Nguyen Quang Truong, pers. comm.).
In Vietnam this species is collected by local communities for food (Nguyen Quang Truong, pers. comm.). Its natural habitat is being threatened by forest clearance for agriculture, logging and human settlements (Nguyen Quang Truong, pers. comm.).
It occurs in Chu Yang Sin, Yok Don, and Cat Tien National Parks, and in Bac Huong Hoa and Song Thanh Nature Reserves (Nguyen Quang Truong, pers. comm.). In addition, it has been found just outside Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park, and is possibly present in Dakrong Nature Reserve (T. Ziegler, pers. comm.). Surveys are needed to determine its geographic distribution (especially its potential occurrence in Laos), abundance, ecological requirements, threats and conservation needs.
We follow Ohler et al. (2002) in treating this as a species distinct from Limnonectes kohchangae.
Nguyen Quang Truong, T. Ziegler 2008. Limnonectes poilani. In: IUCN 2013