Adenomus kelaartii
Kelaart`s Dwarf Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2011 Waruna Agalawatta (1 of 13)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status vulnerable
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is a Sri Lankan endemic, and is found over much of the south-west of the island. It has been recorded at elevations between 30 and 1,230m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is normally terrestrial, but also sometimes semi-arboreal, and is associated with hill streams in tropical wet forest. Adults have been observed in rock crevices, leaf-litter and decaying logs, and within tree holes. Larvae are found in permanent pools.


It is fairly common where it occurs.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat to the species is habitat loss and degradation due to the clearance (clear cutting) of forested areas, agrochemical pollution, and expansion of cardamom plantations.

Conservation Actions

The species has been recorded from several protected areas, including the Peak Wilderness Forest Reserve, Sinharaja World Heritage Site, Kanneliya Reserve Forest, Haycock Forest Reserve, Gilimale-Eratne Forest Reserve and Kitulgala Forest Reserve. Continued and improved management of these reserves is recommended.


Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva, Deepthi Wickramasinghe 2004. Adenomus kelaartii. In: IUCN 2014


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