This species occurs from north-eastern Puebla state and south-central Veracruz state, Mexico, to north-western Honduras on the Atlantic versant; and from south-central Guerrero state, Mexico, to central El Salvador on the Pacific versant, at elevations of 300-1,500m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in lowland to montane moist forests on mountain slopes. It occurs in both pristine and disturbed habitats. Breeding takes place in small intermittent or permanent waterbodies.
It was formerly locally abundant in some locations in Chiapas state, Mexico, El Salvador and Guatemala. However, recent surveys in Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico, indicate that it has disappeared from all the sites surveyed. It is uncommon, but occasionally found in breeding aggregations in Belize and Honduras. In Guatemala and Honduras, the population is declining due to habitat destruction.
Chytridiomycosis is probably the main cause of the disappearance of populations in Mexico, and the species is now probably seriously at risk from this disease. Habitat destruction due to subsistence and small holder agriculture is also a threat to this species, which also was formerly common in the pet trade.
This species occurs in a number of protected areas throughout its range. Continued survey work is needed to monitor the population status of this species, and particularly to determine whether or not the reason for the apparent decline is due to chytridiomycosis. A captive-breeding programme might need to be established.
It is listed on CITES Appendix II.
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Julian Lee, Manuel Acevedo, Larry David Wilson 2004. Agalychnis moreletii. In: IUCN 2014