This species occurs in humid lowlands and less commonly on premontane Atlantic slopes from north-eastern Honduras to south-eastern Costa Rica (Savage 2002), from 15-1,300m asl. There are currently only two records of this species in Nicaragua, both from the Bosawas area (Javier Sunyer pers. comm.); further surveys are needed to fully determine the range of the species in this country.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a seldom seen species of undisturbed lowland and montane humid and wet forests, being less commonly encountered in adjacent premontane wet forest and rainforest. It has a naturally highly fragmented habitat. This species lives in tree canopies, it is an explosive breeder descending to temporary pools to reproduce.
It is not especially common, but is regularly seen in mating aggregations at many sites.
The major threats to it are general habitat loss and fragmentation through deforestation due to agricultural development and logging. In Costa Rica, recent studies indicate that, although it has a patchy distribution, there is no ongoing habitat loss at the known localities (Gerardo Chaves and Brian Kubiki pers. comm. 2007). In Honduras, habitat loss is taking place at two of the known localities, however much suitable habitat remains and it does not appear to be under threat (James R. McCranie pers. comm. 2007).
The species has been recorded from several protected areas. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.
Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Savage, J., Cruz, G., Wilson, L.D., McCranie, J.R., Köhler, G., Sunyer, J. & Kubicki, B. 2008. Agalychnis saltator. In: IUCN 2014