This species is found on the south-eastern slope of Montagne Pelee, Martinique, at 500m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in grassy areas on lava flows. Eggs are laid on the ground in a nest under leaves and guarded by the adults, and presumably the adults transport the larvae to water, as with other members of the genus.
It is relatively common in its tiny range.
Although there are no current major threats to the species, its small range renders it at severe risk of stochastic events, especially from volcanic eruptions.
It does not occur in any protected areas, and there is a need for improved protection of the Montagne Pelee. The species requires close population monitoring, given that it is restricted to a single location.
It has been suggested that this species is not native to Martinique, but is synonymous with another species from South America (M. Breuil pers. comm.).
Blair Hedges, Beatrice Ibéné, Michel Breuil, Robert Powell 2010. Allobates chalcopis. In: IUCN 2014