AMPHIBIAWEB
Allobates myersi
Myers' Poison Frog
family: Dendrobatidae

© 2013 Pedro Ivo Simoes (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
CITES Appendix II
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

 

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Description
Allobates myersi is a moderate sized poison-dart frog with a snout-vent length of 28 mm in adult males and about 33 mm in females. The head is the same width as the body. These frogs have round eye pupils, and their snouts are shaped like blunt triangles. The tympanum is mostly visible but has a hidden posterodorsal rim. A moderately sized dendrobatid frog, the body shape is somewhat slender but is not flat. The skin texture is granular dorsally, and smooth ventrally. Males have two longitudinal pleat-like folds in gular skin. Limbs are long and slender. Fingers and toes have subarticular tubercles and are tipped with expanded discs. There is basal webbing between toes II and III, as well as toes III and IV. The first finger is longer than the second finger. Allobates myersi males have single vocal sacs, and it is unknown if they get nuptial pads (Pyburn 1981).

Allobates myersi has general similarities with A. femoralis, A. zaparo, and others of the femoralis species group. It can be differentiated from A. femoralis because A. myersi either lacks or has an indistinct dorsolateral strip while A. femoralis has a distinct stripe. Allobates myersi coloration (see below) and skin texture differs from the red A. zaparo that has densely granulated skin. Lastly, A. myersi is larger than other frogs in the femoralis species group (Pyburn 1981).

In life, the dorsum of Allobates myersi is light to medium brown with dark brown granules that are relatively spaced. The gular and chest are blue-grey to dark brown, with the color breaking up into spots and/or reticulations on a creamy white abdomen. The sides of the head and body are blue-black, extending to the anterior base of the thigh and around the posterior end of the body to the vent. A pale cream ventrolateral stripe, starting below the nostril, runs along the upper lip and side of the body to the groin, where it becomes bright yellow. The axilla, posterior upper arm surface, and anterior thigh surface are also bright yellow. The lower surface of the hindlimbs is patterned like the abdomen, but there is an irregular black band or black spots on the posterior thigh surface that extends from the knee to the vent. Above the band/spots, the thigh is reddish-brown to coral red. The rest of the hindlimb is colored like the dorsum. There is no sexual dimorphism in coloration or patterning. The iris is gold suffused with black. In preservative, A. myersi has a light to medium brown dorsum and a white ventrolateral stripe (Pyburn 1981).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia

 

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Allobates myersi is found in the southeastern corner of Colombia, specifically in the Amazonas, Caquetá, and Vaupés Departments. It can be found in lowland subtropical or tropical rainforests, approximately 200 m above sea level (Acosta-Galvis and Rueda 2004).

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Allobates myersi is a diurnal, terrestrial frog that is generally found in leaf litter and associates with freshwater rivers and streams. Their breeding season is unknown. In this species, only males call, which is described as a series of double-note chirps. These chirps have note-pair durations of 0.5 s and dominant frequencies of 3100-3800 Hz. The calls primarily serve territorial functions, and the males call from under leaf litter. If these auditory cues fail, territorial defense may include physical combat (Pyburn 1981).

The form of amplexus in this species is unknown, but family trends suggest that they have cephalic amplexus. Allobates myersi is oviparous, and eggs are deposited on leaf litter. Clutch size and egg characteristics are unknown. Parental care is likely provided by males, who guard the eggs until they hatch and then carry the tadpoles to a stream. Embryos hatch as free-living larvae. They have an unknown development time and preferred habitat. It is unknown what adults or larvae eat, and it is unspecified what particular predators eat them. Adult frogs have aposematic flash coloration (Acosta-Galvis and Rueda 2004).

The Dendrobatid family, of which Allobates myersi is a member, is well known for having toxic skin secretions (Pyburn 1981).

Trends and Threats
Population trend is stable. Its current greatest threat is destruction of habitat from increased cattle ranching. It is known to occur in El Pure National Park (Acosta-Galvis and Rueda 2004).

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

Habitat modification from deforestation, or logging related activities
Intensified agriculture or grazing

Comments
The species authority is Pyburn (1981).

Allobates myersi is thought to be closely related to Allobates femoralis, but no molecular studies have been done yet (Pyburn 1981).

Allobates myersi is named after Charles W. Myers of the American Museum of Natural History for his work in dendrobatids (Pyburn, 1981).

References

Acosta-Galvis, A., Rueda, J.V. 2004. Allobates myersi. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. Downloaded on 03 May 2013.

Pyburn, W.F. 1981. A new poison-dart frog (Anura: Dendrobatidae) from the forest of southeastern Colombia. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington: 67-75.



Written by Charling Huang (charling.huang AT berkeley.edu), University of California Berkeley
First submitted 2010-10-13
Edited by David Wong and Ann T. Chang (2013-07-14)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2013 Allobates myersi: Myers' Poison Frog <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/1667> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Oct 21, 2017.



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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 21 Oct 2017.

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