This species ranges from the Reserva Indio-Maíz and Rio San Juan in Nicaragua, through northeastern and southwestern Costa Rica, throughout much of central and eastern Panama (including several islands in Bocas del Toro), to the Pacific lowlands of Colombia to northern Ecuador. It occurs below 800m.
Habitat and Ecology
A terrestrial and diurnal leaf-litter species of very humid lowland and premontane areas, where annual mean precipitation is 2,000-4,000mm and annual mean temperature is 18-24 C. It can be found in secondary growth and plantations, swampy areas in primary forest, but not in open areas. It is usually close to streams. The eggs are laid in the leaf-litter, and both sexes carry the tadpoles to streams to complete metamorphosis in small, water-filled depressions.
It is a common species.
The major threats are deforestation for agricultural development, illegal crops, logging, and human settlement, the introduction of alien predatory fish in streams, and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops.
In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with the Reserva Ecológica Cayapas-Mataje and the Reserva Ecológica Cotacachi-Cayapas. It occurs in many protected areas in Colombia and in Central America.
Some morphological data (Coloma 1995) and molecular data (Santos 2002) indicates that the Ecuadorian population might be a different species from the one in Central America.
Coloma, L.A., Ron, S.R., Grant, T., Morales, M., Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Chaves, G., Savage, J., Jaramillo, C., Fuenmayor, Q. & Bolaños, F. 2008. Allobates talamancae. In: IUCN 2014