Anaxyrus americanus
American Toad, Eastern American Toad (A. a. americanus), Dwarf American Toad (A. a. charlesmithi)
family: Bufonidae

© 2003 Lisa Powers (1 of 106)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is found in North America from Labrador, Hudson Bay area, and Manitoba to northern Texas, Louisiana, central Alabama, northern Georgia, and North Carolina (Conant and Collins 1991). It is absent from most of the Coastal Plain.

Habitat and Ecology

This toad occurs in a wide variety of habitats, ranging from forests to prairies. It hides under objects or burrows underground when inactive. In New York, distribution is apparently influenced by soil pH (Wyman 1988). It breeds in nearly any slow or standing body of water, including both permanent and temporary pools, generally in sites with few if any fishes (e.g., Holomuzki 1995). Eggs are laid and larvae develop in shallow areas. In northern Minnesota, successful reproduction in acidic bog water either does not occur or is a rare event (Karns 1992).


This species is widespread and abundant. It is stable overall, with localized declines.

Population Trend


Major Threats

There are no major threats.

Conservation Actions


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2015. Anaxyrus americanus. In: IUCN 2014


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