This species' range includes most of eastern USA and the northern shore of Lake Erie in Canada (Conant and Collins 1991). It is absent from northern New England and the Florida peninsula.
Habitat and Ecology
It can be found in wooded areas, river valleys, floodplains and agricultural areas, usually in areas with deep friable soils. It burrows underground or hides under rocks, plants, or other cover when inactive. Eggs and larvae develop in shallow water in marshes, rain pools, ponds, lakes, reservoirs, flooded areas, and other bodies of water lacking a strong current.
The population is widespread, generally common and relatively stable, with local declines.
Generally, there are no major threats to this species.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2015. Anaxyrus fowleri. In: IUCN 2014