This species occurs in the Coastal Plain, southeastern United States, from southeastern Virginia south through all of Florida and west to the Mississippi River in Louisiana (Conant and Collins 1991).
Habitat and Ecology
Sandy pine flatwoods and oak scrub; open pine and pine-oak woods; pine or oak savannahs with sandy soils; maritime forests. Occurs on some barrier islands in South Carolina. Seems to favour open-canopied pine flatwoods with grassy ground cover. When inactive, burrows underground or hides under surface objects. Eggs and larvae develop in rain pools, ditches, cypress and flatwoods ponds, and other flooded areas.
It is widespread and common. In Florida, seemingly less common than historically, but the species remains common to abundant in many areas (Bartlett and Bartlett 1999).
Does not appear to thrive in urban and suburban areas but might remain common in agricultural areas (Bartlett and Bartlett 1999). In some areas, threatened by conversion of habitat to dense monocultures of loblolly pine and by continued draining of surface waters in remaining stands of pine savannah and pine-oak (Mitchell 1991).
Habitat protection and monitoring needed.
Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Anaxyrus quercicus. In: IUCN 2014