This species is found in Oklahoma, southern New Mexico, and Texas in the USA, south through north central and northeastern Mexico (Conant and Collins 1991).
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits grasslands, cultivated areas, and mesquite savannah. It burrows underground when inactive. It is often found in areas with sandy soil. The eggs and larvae develop in the shallow water of rain pools and man-made ditches and ponds.
The total adult population size is unknown but probably exceeds 100,000. It is commonly encountered throughout its extensive Texas range (Bartlett and Bartlett 1999). It is abundant in south-astern New Mexico (Degenhardt et al. 1996).
No major threats to this species are known. Populations might thrive with irrigation and construction of stock tanks (Bartlett and Bartlett 1999).
This species' range includes a couple of protected areas in Mexico.
Geoffrey Hammerson, Georgina Santos-Barrera 2004. Anaxyrus speciosus. In: IUCN 2014