Anaxyrus speciosus
Texas Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2009 John P. Clare (1 of 6)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico, United States


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is found in Oklahoma, southern New Mexico, and Texas in the USA, south through north central and northeastern Mexico (Conant and Collins 1991).

Habitat and Ecology

This species inhabits grasslands, cultivated areas, and mesquite savannah. It burrows underground when inactive. It is often found in areas with sandy soil. The eggs and larvae develop in the shallow water of rain pools and man-made ditches and ponds.


The total adult population size is unknown but probably exceeds 100,000. It is commonly encountered throughout its extensive Texas range (Bartlett and Bartlett 1999). It is abundant in south-astern New Mexico (Degenhardt et al. 1996).

Population Trend


Major Threats

No major threats to this species are known. Populations might thrive with irrigation and construction of stock tanks (Bartlett and Bartlett 1999).

Conservation Actions

This species' range includes a couple of protected areas in Mexico.


Geoffrey Hammerson, Georgina Santos-Barrera 2004. Anaxyrus speciosus. In: IUCN 2014


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