This species is known only from a single location - its type locality - in the western Chimanimani Mountains in eastern Zimbabwe, where it occurs above 1,500 m asl (Poynton 1963). However, the Chimanimani Mountains extend into Mozambique so the species is likely to occur across the border. Its current estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) is 18 km
Habitat and Ecology
Most of the specimens were collected in sinkholes or caves and a few were found in open montane grassland. It presumably breeds by direct development.
It is probably a rare species. The species was not found during a survey in 2010, but this may have been due to the time of year, i.e. not during the rains (Harvey pers. comm. 2012). Therefore, there have been no records since this species was discovered in 1962 (when 16 specimens were collected) and there is no information on its population trend.
There is very little direct information available for this poorly known species and threats to the species are not well understood. During a survey in 2010, the vicinity of the type locality was found to be intact (Harvey pers. comm. 2012). However, there are both diamond and gold mining activities locally. T
The area from which it has been recorded is protected, primarily in the Chimanimani National Park, but the level and effectiveness of protection is unknown. Surveys are urgently needed to relocate this species. Furthermore, research is needed on this species' taxonomic status, distribution, population status and natural history. Surveys should also aim to determine population trends.
There are serious taxonomic problems with the genus Arthroleptis through much of Africa. In many cases, the available names can be referred only to museum specimens, not to animals in the field. This is because the identification of these species frequently depends more on their vocalizations than their morphology.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Arthroleptis troglodytes. In: IUCN 2014