This species is known from two localities: the type locality of Parque Nacional Natural Las Orquideas, and from Murri in La Blanquita, both in Antioquia Department, in north-western Colombia, between 1,300 and 2,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs on vegetation alongside streams in sub-Andean forests. It has not been recorded outside forest. Its breeding habits are not known, though breeding is likely to take place in streams.
It is uncommon. There do not appear to be any confirmed records since 1973, but it is not known if this is indicative of a decline, or simply a lack of survey effort.
The major threat is likely to be chytridiomycosis, leading to a catastrophic population decline, as has occurred in many other montane species of Atelopus. Forest destruction for the creation of fruit plantations is occurring within the species' range.
The type locality is within Parque Nacional Natural Las Orquideas. More research into the species' distribution range, ecological requirements, and population status is needed, in particular to determine if it occurs outside the vicinity of the two known localities; given the threat of chytridiomycosis, successful conservation measures will probably need to include the maintenance of any surviving individuals in captivity.
Andrés Acosta-Galvis, Wilmar Bolívar, Fernando Castro, John Lynch 2004. Atelopus carauta. In: IUCN 2014