Bufotes latastii
Ladakh Toad
family: Bufonidae
Taxonomic Notes: This is a diploid species thought to have been involved in the origin of B. baturae by hybridization with B. shaartusiensis (see several publications by Stoeck and coauthors: Evolution 2006 Mol Phyl Evo, 2010 Evol, 2012 PRSB, 2015 Heredity, 2015 J Biog.).

© 1988 Muhammad Sharif Khan (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status Highland, Himalayan fauna
National Status Restricted, Baltistan, Kashmir
Regional Status rare


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is restricted to the northwestern Himalayas of India and Pakistan. The eastern boundary of the range and the southwestern extension still need to be clarified (Stöck et al., 2001). The map for this species is based largely on the distribution presented in Stöck et al., 2001. It has been recorded at elevations of between 2,600 and 3,000m asl (Pakistan).

Habitat and Ecology

It is associated with areas of riparian vegetation in alpine forests. Breeding and larval development takes place in ponds and similar stagnant waters. During the day adults are usually hidden under rocks and other ground cover. It may also be found in slightly modified areas.


This is a locally common species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threats are the use of pesticides in fields, the pollution of streams with these agrochemicals, and the over-extraction of water from streams for agriculture and domestic use.

Conservation Actions

It has been recorded from the Khunjerab and Central Karakorum protected areas of Pakistan.

Taxonomic Notes

According to Stöck et al. (2001), this species is a diploid member of the Pseudepidalea viridis subgroup. The synonymy of siachinensis with this species was by Stöck et al. (1998). Further collections are required to confirm this synonymy (M.S. Khan pers. comm.).


Matthias Stöck, Muhammad Sharif Khan, Sushil Dutta, Annemarie Ohler, Karthikeyan Vasudevan, S.P. Vijayakumar, Theodore Papenfuss, Steven Anderson, Sergius Kuzmin 2004. Bufotes latastii. In: IUCN 2014


IUCN Terms of Use