Bufotes siculus
Sicilian Green Toad, Rospo smeraldino siciliano, Sizilianische Wechselkröte, crapaud vert de Sicile, Sapo verde siciliano
family: Bufonidae
Species Description: Stoeck, M., Sicilia, A., Belfiore, N., Buckley, D., Lo Brutto, S., Lo Valvo, M. and Arculeo, M. 2008. Post-Messinian evolutionary relationships across the Sicilian channel: Mitochondrial and nuclear markers link a new green toad from Sicily to African relatives. BMC Evolutionary Biology 56(8): doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-56.

© 2008 Wouter Beukema (1 of 5)

  hear call (6291.5K WAV file)

[call details here]

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is endemic to Italy, where it has been recorded from Sicily as well as the islands of Favigana and Ustica. The precise eastern distribution limit on Sicily needs to be clarified. Altitudinal range is from sea level to 1,200 m.

Habitat and Ecology

It is generally a lowland species. It occupies coastal areas (typically but not exclusively sand dunes), cultivated areas, and suburban and urban areas where it is found in gravel and sand pits, ponds and ditches.


This is a common species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Habitat fragmentation as a result of road construction is a threat. Loss of breeding habitat as a result of water abstraction may also be a problem. The species is, however, not considered to be seriously threatened at present.

Conservation Actions

This species is presumed to occur in protected areas. It is listed on Appendix II of the Bern Convention and Annex IV of the EU Habitats Directive.

Taxonomic Notes

Formerly included in Bufo viridis.


Roberto Sindaco, Antonio Romano 2009. Bufotes siculus. In: IUCN 2014


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