This species occurs on the Atlantic slopes of the northern and central portions of the Costa Rican cordilleras at an altitude of 1,000-1,200m asl (Savage 2002).
Habitat and Ecology
This nocturnal arboreal frog inhabits premontane wet forest and rainforest. It usually is found close to streams, but has occasionally been collected in bromeliads as much as 5m above ground. Males call from stream banks, and females descend from trees for mating (Savage 2002). Eggs are laid out of the water on the ground, and breeding occurs by direct development.
It was once common, or at least regularly seen, in Monteverde and the San Ramon Reserve, but as of August 2007, it has still not been recorded since 1990, despite searches, thus suggesting that a serious decline has taken place (Federico Bolaños pers. comm.). It has also not been seen in Cascajal, San Jose Province, since 1972 (Gerado Chaves pers. comm.).
This species has disappeared from apparently suitable habitats, with the implication that the major threat is likely to be chytridiomycosis (perhaps in combination with the effects of climate change), leading to a catastrophic population decline, as has occurred in many other montane amphibian species that are associated with streams.
Much of the known range of this species is in protected areas. However, further surveys are urgently needed to relocate this species and determine its current population status; surviving individuals might need to form the basis for the establishment of an ex-situ population.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Pounds, J., Bolaños, F. & Chaves, G. 2008. Craugastor andi. In: IUCN 2014