This species can be found in Sierra de Agalta and Sierra Punta Piedra in the departments of Olancho and Colon east-central and north-eastern Honduras, at elevations of 150-1,459m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs and breeds (by direct development) in leaf-litter on the ground in lowland and premontane moist forest. It is often found near streams.
Formerly, this species was relatively common, but now is apparently in decline. Substantial habitat has been lost in recent years, and a recent survey conducted in appropriate habitat turned up no records of this species.
The major threat is habitat loss due to agriculture (crops and cattle ranching), logging, human settlement, and forest fires. However, since the observed decline has also taken place in suitable habitat this could be suggestive of chytridiomycosis as a significant threat (at least to higher-altitude populations).
It has been collected within the Reserve de la Biosfera Río Platano and on the edge of Parque Nacional Agalta. In view of the threat of chytridiomycosis, the status of this species should be closely monitored, and ex-situ populations should be established.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson 2004. Craugastor epochthidius. In: IUCN 2014