This species occurs in the highlands of north-central Oaxaca, Guerrero, Puebla and adjacent Veracruz and Hidalgo, Mexico. It is known from 1,500-3,420m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs in pine-oak montane forest and montane cloud forest. It is a terrestrial species, frequently found under leaf-litter, and it breeds by direct development.
This is a common species, although recent surveys in Oaxaca suggest that it has disappeared, at least from certain sites.
Deforestation and transformation of the original forest can affect the microhabitat for this species, however large populations have been found in Oaxaca and Guerrero. Recently documented declines in Oaxaca have taken place in suitable habitat, and could be due to chytridiomycosis.
The range of this species includes a few Biosphere Reserves. The protection and restoration of extensive areas of montane forest in Oaxaca, Veracruz and Hidalgo is needed to protect this species and other amphibians that are found in the area.
This species was previously within the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith, 2005).
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Oscar Flores-Villela 2004. Craugastor mexicanus. In: IUCN 2014