This species is known from extreme eastern Guatemala near the Honduran border, and from the following localities in western and north-central Honduras: Cerro Quebrada Grande, Montaña Pico Pijol, Montaña La Fortuna, Montaña Portillo Grande, Parque Nacional Cusuco, and Montaña Merendón west of San Pedro Sula. Its altitudinal range is 1,050-1,800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives on the forest floor in premontane and lower montane wet forest, and also occurs in degraded forest and coffee plantations (but not in more open habitats). It presumably breeds by direct development.
This is a moderately common species.
The major threat to this species is severe habitat loss due to agricultural development, livestock grazing, logging, human settlement, and fire. In addition, chytrid infection has recently been detected in this species (4.9% prevalence; Kolby J.E., Padgett-Flohr, G.E., and Field, R., in press), although it is considered to be unlikely that the species is threatened by chytridiomycosis, possibly attributed to their ability to dissociate from permanent water sources. The two infected individuals likely represent those which haphazardly ventured close enough to a stream to acquire the chytrid fungus (J.E. Kolby, pers. comm. 2008).
It occurs in Parque Nacional Cusuco and Parque Nacional Texiguat in Honduras, but not in any protected areas in Guatemala.
This species was previously within the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith, 2005).
Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Randy McCranie, Manuel Acevedo, Jonathan E. Kolby 2010. Craugastor rostralis. In: IUCN 2014