This species is an endemic of northern Australia, and it occurs from the Kimberley zone in Western Australia, east through the Northern Territory and into the Gulf District of northern Queensland. The estimated altitudinal range of the species is from 0-500m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
A large ground-dwelling frog, it principally inhabits grassland and open woodland. In the wet season it is active during the day and can be found basking beside temporary pools. At night it is active in poorly vegetated areas and is commonly sighted on roads. In the dry season it burrows underground. Breeding occurs from December to February and females lay up to 7,000 eggs in temporary ponds. The spawn clumps sink to the bottom while tadpoles swim in large shoals and can tolerate water temperatures up to 43ºC. Development takes between 30-50 days.
It is the most commonly sighted native frog in northern Australia.
There are no known threats to this species.
Its range includes several protected areas in Western Australia and the Northern Territory.
Jean-Marc Hero, John Clarke, Ed Meyer, Richard Retallick, Paul Horner, Dale Roberts 2004. Litoria australis. In: IUCN 2014