Duttaphrynus kotagamai
Kotagama's Dwarf Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2011 Champika Sandaruwan Holiya Bandara (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status Threatened
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is restricted to three sites in south-western Sri Lanka (Kitulgala Forest Reserve, Messana Forest Reserve and Sinharaja World Heritage Site). It ranges from 150-1,070m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

A terrestrial species associated with wet leaf-litter, rocks and other ground cover, close to streams in tropical wet montane forest, its breeding biology has not been recorded, but it presumably takes place in water, probably in streams, by larval development.


Little is known about the population status of this species, but it is not common.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Habitat loss (small-scale agriculture) and human disturbance (local tourism) are the primary threats to this species.

Conservation Actions

It has been recorded from several protected areas, including the Kitulgala Forest Reserve, Messana Forest Reserve and the Sinharaja World Heritage Site.


Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva, Deepthi Wickramasinghe 2004. Duttaphrynus kotagamai. In: IUCN 2014


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