This species occurs in the coastal regions and mountains of southeastern Brazil from the State of Espirito Santo, south to the State of Santa Catarina. It ranges up to 1,500m asl, but probably not all the way down to sea level.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in the canopy of undisturbed primary forest, where it hides in bromeliads. It breeds by direct development, the eggs are carried in a pouch on back of the female, where it breeds its froglets.
It is probably common, but it is hard to detect since it is a canopy species. It is very poorly known and is not often found.
The major threats are habitat loss due to clear-cutting, selective logging, collection of bromeliads and human settlement.
It occurs in several protected areas.
Sachsse, Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva (1999) suggested that it is a complex of more than one species. This genus has recently been moved from the family Hylidae (Faivovich, et al., 2005).
Magno Vicente Segalla, Paulo Garcia 2004. Gastrotheca microdiscus. In: IUCN 2014