This species is known from tepuis at 400-800m asl in Vaupes department (note that the original publication erroneously listed the department as Caqueta), Colombia, and from the central slopes of the Cordillera Oriental in Ecuador.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in the dense understorey of old growth forest, next to small streams on tepuis. It lays its eggs on leaves above watercourses, and the larvae develop in streams.
It is rare; it was seen in 1993, but no one has gone back to look for it since then.
It is threatened by illicit drug traffic and police measures including aerial fumigation to control this activity.
Studies about the biology, ecology, and population range and dynamics of this species are necessary to determine the direct conservation measures for it. This species was originally reported to have been collected in Chiribiquete National Park, however this protected area is not in Vaupes Department, and it is unclear as to whether or not the species occurs in this protected area.
Wilmar Bolívar, Jose Vicente Rueda 2010. Hyalinobatrachium ruedai. In: IUCN 2014