This species is known from the Upper Amazon Basin and the lower Amazonian slopes of the Andes in Colombia (departments of Caquetá and Santander) and Ecuador (Eastern Cordillera Real Montane Forests and Napo Moist Forest in the Eastern Subtropical and Eastern Tropical Altitudinal Zones). In Santander it is known from 1,700m asl, and in Caquetá it is known from around 400m asl. In Ecuador it is known from 400-1,800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits lower montane and montane primary and secondary rainforest. Specimens have been taken at night on low vegetation overhanging pools of water (Cannatella, 1980). Eggs are laid on leaves above permanent pools, and when hatched the tadpoles drop in to the water below. It is not known from anthropogenic habitats.
It is an uncommon species.
Habitat destruction and degradation from small farms, and clear cutting of forests are localized threats, however there are no threats known to the species' overall survival. In Ecuador its range is close to an active volcano.
In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with Reserva Ecológica Cayambe-Coca, Parque Nacional Sumaco Napo-Galeras, and Parque Nacional Llanganates. In Colombia the Santander population overlaps with the Guanenta-Alto Río Fonce National Park. Taxonomic research is needed to determine whether or not there are two different species in Colombia, considering the disjunctive nature of the species distribution. More research into the species' Extent of Occurrence and population status is also desirable.
This species was previously within the genus Phyllomedusa but has recently been moved to the genus Hylomantis (Faivovich, et al., 2005). The distribution in Colombia would suggest that there are perhaps two different species in that country.
Fernando Castro, Jose Vicente Rueda, Wilmar Bolívar, Ruth Amanda Estupinan, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Ana Almendáriz 2004. Agalychnis buckleyi. In: IUCN 2014