This species is known from Parque Nacional de Las Orquídeas in the Cordillera Occidental, Antioquia Department, Colombia, at 1,700-1,800m asl, and from two localities in Carchi Province in north-western Ecuador, at 600-900m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
In Colombia it is found on the ground in montane forest next to streams. In Ecuador it occurs in very humid premontane forest, and is apparently restricted to areas where mean annual precipitation is 2,000-4,000mm, and annual mean temperature is 18-24°C. It presumably breeds in streams.
It is a very rare species.
The major threats to this species are: deforestation due to agricultural development, cultivation of illegal crops, logging, and human settlement; introduction of alien predatory fish in streams; and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. Chytridiomycosis is also a possible future threat.
It occurs in Parque Nacional de Las Orquídeas in Colombia. It is not known from any protected areas in Ecuador.
Wilmar Bolívar, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Taran Grant 2004. Hyloxalus breviquartus. In: IUCN 2014