This species is known from two locations: the type locality of San Rafael, in Antioquia Department, and from Caldas Department, both in Colombia, from 1,200-1,340m asl, and it might occur more widely.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in the leaf-litter of forests, although the exact habitat is not known. Its breeding habits are unknown (although the larvae are likely to develop in streams).
It is probably an uncommon species, which is still only known from four specimens, with two collected at each of the two known localities.
The major threats to this species are unknown.
Its range does not include a protected area. More research into its extent of occurrence, ecological requirements and population status is needed.
Taran Grant, John Lynch 2004. Hyloxalus ramosi. In: IUCN 2014