Hyloxalus ruizi
family: Dendrobatidae
subfamily: Hyloxalinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from Fusagasuga, between Alto de San Miguel and Aguadita, on the western flank of the eastern Andes, Cundinamarca Department, Colombia, between 2,410 and 2,469m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives on the forest floor and along streams in cloud forest; it is not found outside old-growth forest. Its breeding habits are not documented, but it is assumed that breeding and larval development take place in streams.


It is rare, and is known from only six individuals. Its range has been completely deforested, except for one private tract of land 11ha in size. Four expeditions since 1995 have failed to turn up any individuals of this species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Deforestation for the planting of crops and cattle grazing is the primary threat to this species.

Conservation Actions

The species is not known to occur in any protected areas. Surveys are urgently needed to determine whether or not this species still persists in the wild.


Wilmar BolĂ­var, Jose Vicente Rueda 2004. Hyloxalus ruizi. In: IUCN 2014


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