This species is known only from Parque Nacional Natural Cordillera Los Picachos, in the eastern Andean Cordillera, Caquetá Department, Colombia, at 1,600m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species lives on forest floors of premontane humid forest. Its reproductive mode is not known, but the larvae are likely to develop in streams.
It was abundant until 1998. One visit in 2000 found several individuals, but there have been no more visits to the site.
There are no known threats to this species, which occurs in a guerrilla stronghold where there is no anthropogenic habitat disturbance.
It occurs in at least one protected area: Parque Nacional Natural Cordillera Los Picachos.
María Cristina Ardila-Robayo, Jose Vicente Rueda 2004. Hyloxalus saltuarius. In: IUCN 2014