This species is known from nine localities in north-western Ecuador, from elevations of 200-1,410m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in humid tropical forest and very humid premontane forest (Coloma 1995), as well as lowland grasslands. It lays its eggs on land in leaf-litter or under rocks, and the larvae are then carried to water by the adults, where they develop further.
It is a locally common species.
The major threat is habitat loss and degradation due to agriculture, for both crops and livestock, as well as logging and agricultural pollution.
Its range overlaps with the Reserva Ecológica Cotacachi-Cayapas.
Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Ana Almendáriz, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron 2004. Hyloxalus toachi. In: IUCN 2014