This species is known only from the area to the west of the southern part of the Itombwe Highlands and northern slopes of the Kabobo Highlands, in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. It has been recorded at 1,850-2,000 m asl. Its estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) is 4,127 km²
Habitat and Ecology
It is a species of montane forests; its adaptability to altered habitats is not known. Its breeding biology is also unknown, though it presumably takes place in water by larval development.
Individuals were recorded near Tumungu and Mikenge in 2011 (Greenbaum and Kusamba 2012), but the population status of this species is unknown. However, due to ongoing habitat loss, its population is suspected to be decreasing.
It is threatened by habitat loss for agricultural activities (crops and heavy livestock grazing, especially on Itombwe Plateau), wood extraction, and the expansion of human settlements. Artisanal mining is ongoing within the species' range. A road within the species range was planned for rehabilitation, which would allow the commercial mining of gold and coltan, and logging to take place (Greenbaum and Kusamba 2012).
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2015. Hyperolius leucotaenius. In: IUCN 2014