This recently described species is known from two localities in the municipalities of São José da Vitória and Wenceslau Guimarães, in southern Bahia State, Brazil. The two known localities are at altitudes of 100-130m asl. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest, especially in areas between the known sites.
Habitat and Ecology
It is primarily an inhabitant of tropical Atlantic rainforests. The two known sites are located in mountainous areas, receiving 1,500mm of rain annually. It can be found in primary forest with large trees and an abundance of epiphytes, but it has also been recorded from cocoa plantations adjacent to the forest. It is presumed that it breeds in temporary pools or permanent streams.
There is little information available on the population status of this species.
The threats to this species are not known. Although it has been recorded from cocoa plantations, the long-term suitability of this habitat requires further investigation.
It is not known if it occurs in any protected areas.
This species was previously within the genus Hyla but has recently been moved to the resurrected genus Hypsiboas (Faivovich et al. 2005).
Ulisses Caramaschi, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2004. Hypsiboas exastis. In: IUCN 2014