This species is known from two localities in Minas Gerais State in eastern Brazil: from the vicinity of Itatiaia National Park in the Serra da Mantiqueira at around 2,160m asl, and from Marmelópolis Municipality at around 1,200m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is known from montane Atlantic forest, where it is presumed to be a larval developing species, and to use streams for breeding.
No information is currently available regarding its population status.
It is threatened by the substantial deforestation and fragmentation of the Atlantic forest in which it occurs. This has arisen due to historical logging and ongoing large-scale clearance for cattle pasture, and crops such as sugar cane, coffee, and exotic trees, as well as for smallholder agriculture.
One of the two locations from which this species is known is inside Parque Nacional do Itatiaia.
This species was previously within the genus Hyla but has recently been moved to the resurrected genus Hypsiboas (Faivovich et al. 2005).
Simon Stuart 2006. Hypsiboas latistriatus. In: IUCN 2014