This species occurs in the Pacific drainages from the Guatemala/Mexico border to central Costa Rica, and extending via interior valleys to the Atlantic drainages of Honduras and northeastern Nicaragua; an apparently disjunct population is known from the southern side of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, Mexico. It is known from elevations ranging from sea level up to 1,435m asl. It is also likely to occur along the Pacific Coastal Plain of Chiapas, Mexico. Records from this area would unite the apparently allopatric populations known from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, Mexico, with likely contiguous populations ranging widespread along the Pacific versant of Central America. If new records from southeastern Honduras were to be found, it would establish links between populations on the Atlantic and Pacific versants.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits lowland dry and moist forest, relatively open and disturbed areas, including pastures, roadside ditches, and gardens and vacant lots in urban areas. It breeds in ponds.
It is abundant throughout its range.
There are no known threats to this species.
Its range includes several protected areas. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).
Mendelson et al. (2005) recently separated I. pisinnus (endemic to Mexico), I. porteri (endemic to Honduras), and I. signifer (endemic to Panama) from I. coccifer.
Santos-Barrera, G., Savage, J., Bolaños, F. & Chaves, G. 2008. Incilius coccifer. In: IUCN 2014