Incilius nebulifer
Gulf Coast Toad, Coastal Plain Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2006 Vaclav Gvozdik (1 of 24)

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Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico, United States


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from southern Arkansas, southern Mississippi, Louisiana, and central Texas in the USA, southward to Palma Sola, Veracruz, Mexico (Mulcahy and Mendelson 2000).

Habitat and Ecology

This species inhabits coastal prairies, barrier beaches, towns, and a variety of other habitats. Eggs and larvae develop in various kinds of pools, including roadside and irrigation ditches. This species is tolerant of substantial habitat alteration.


It is a widespread and common in suitable habitat.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Not threatened.

Conservation Actions

The range of this species includes a number of protected areas.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was removed from the synonymy of Incilius valliceps by Mulcahy and Mendelson (2000).


Geoffrey Hammerson, Luis Canseco-Márquez 2004. Incilius nebulifer. In: IUCN 2014


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