Incilius periglenes
Sapo Dorado, Golden Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2009 Richard D. Sage (1 of 2)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Extinct (EX)
CITES Appendix I
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species was known only from the Reserva Biológica Monteverde, Costa Rica, at elevations of 1,500-1,620m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It lived in cloud and elfin forest, and was recorded breeding in temporary pools at the beginning of the rainy season.


Formerly a common species, no specimen has been seen since 1989. It last bred in normal numbers in 1987, and its breeding sites were well known. In 1988, only eight males and two females could be located. In 1989, a single male was found, and was the last record of the species. Extensive searches since this time have failed to produce any more records (as of August, 2007).

Population Trend

Major Threats

Its restricted range, global warming, chytridiomycosis and airborne pollution probably contributed to this species' extinction.

Conservation Actions

Its entire range was protected by the Reserva Biológica Monteverde.
It is listed on CITES Appendix I (as Bufo periglenes).


Savage, J., Pounds, J. & Bolaños, F. 2008. Incilius periglenes. In: IUCN 2014


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