This species occurs on the Atlantic versant of Mesoamerica from central Veracruz (in Mexico) to northern Costa Rica; in northeastern Querétaro, Mexico, and on the Pacific slope of Mesoamerica from around the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico to central Guatemala, at elevations of 0-1,610m asl. The distinctive subspecies, B.v. wilsoni, occurs on the slopes of western Guatemala drained by the upper tributaries of the Río Grijalva at 300-800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It can be found in lowlands through lower montane areas in moist and dry forests. It breeds in temporary and permanent ponds, and withstands substantial habitat disturbance. The subspecies B.v. wilsoni occurs in dry forest. It breeds in permanent ponds and occurs in disturbed habitats.
It is common throughout its range. The subspecies B.v. wilsoni is common within its small range.
There are no known threats to this species. The subspecies B.v. wilsoni is considered to be adaptable and not significantly threatened within its small range.
It occurs in many protected areas. The subspecies B.v. wilsoni is not known from any protected areas.
The distinctive subspecies, Incilius valliceps wilsoni, is sometimes considered to be a separate species.
Santos-Barrera, G., Wilson, L.D., Savage, J., Bolaños, F. & Acevedo, M. 2010. Incilius valliceps. In: IUCN 2014