Ingerophrynus divergens
Crested Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2012 Nathan Litjens (1 of 3)

Frogs of Borneo account.

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs in eastern and central Sumatra, Natuna Besar and Borneo where it is found below 700m asl. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest, especially in areas between known sites.

Habitat and Ecology

It is present throughout rainforest habitat, but it does not occur in swamp forests. Breeding and larval development takes place in standing water or in slow-moving intermittent streams. It is not found in open habitats outside forests.


Although the species appears to occur everywhere in well-drained lowland rainforest, it is not considered to be an abundant species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The species is threatened by clear felling of forests. This is occurring at an increasing pace in both Borneo and Sumatra.

Conservation Actions

The species has been recorded from a number of protected areas in Borneo and Sumatra. To protect this species, conservation of hilly forest is needed.


Robert Inger, Robert Stuebing, Djoko Iskandar, Mumpuni 2004. Ingerophrynus divergens. In: IUCN 2014


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