This species is known only from the type locality in the Serra de Cubatão, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, at around 800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
The type locality is old secondary forest, and the specimens were all collected on either the forest floor or on low vegetation. This species presumably breeds by direct development, like other species in the genus.
It is known only from three specimens.
It is currently known only from within a protected area, so its habitat is currently protected, although air pollution has been a problem in this region in the past.
This species' only known locality is within Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar.
This species was removed from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus bolbodactylus (Pombal and Cruz 1999).
Carlos Alberto Gonçalves da Cruz, Ronald Heyer 2004. Ischnocnema nigriventris. In: IUCN 2014