This species comprises two subspecies, both endemic to western Cameroon: the nominate subspecies occurs on Mount Manenguba, Mount Nlonako, Mount Kupe, the Bonandam Hills and the Ebonji Hills at 200-1,450m asl; Leptodactylodon ornatus permaculatus occurs on the southern and western slopes of the Bamileke Plateau at Fotabong, Foto, and the Mbos Cliffs, at 1,000-1,400m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This is not a true montane species, but occurs at low and medium altitudes in hilly areas, usually near mountains, in areas of high rainfall. It lives in wet lowland and submontane forest and also in partially degraded forest. It frequents rocky areas that are found less frequently at lower altitudes. It breeds in fast-flowing streams; the males call from fissures in rocks, or from under stones.
Generally, this species is somewhat uncommon, although L. o. permaculatus is not uncommon within its small range.
Despite its tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, this species is probably threatened by forest clearance for smallholder farming.
It is not known to occur in any protected areas, and protection of the remaining forest habitat at the sites where it occurs, particularly Mount Manenguba, is urgently needed.
Jean-Louis Amiet 2004. Leptodactylodon ornatus. In: IUCN 2014