This Australian endemic occurs from Cordalba State Forest in south-east Queensland south to Ourimbah, approximately 100km north of Sydney in New South Wales. The Darkes Forest records are erroneous. They have been recorded from sea level up to at least 150m asl, and possibly a little higher. The area of occupancy is thought to be less than 500km².
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits the leaf-litter and low vegetation of forests and prefers wetter forest types in the southern half of its range, but extends also into open and drier forests in north-east New South Wales and south-east Queensland (Lemckert et al. 2006). It breeds after heavy rains anywhere from September to May (spring to autumn in the southern hemisphere), preferring larger temporary pools, and flooded areas for breeding (Lemckert and Slatyer 2002). Eggs (about 500-600) are laid in loose clumps among waterweed. The larvae are free swimming.
It has decreased at Ourimbah on the central coast of New South Wales, but elsewhere there have been no reports of declines or disappearances. It is still found throughout the Ourimbah Valley. Additional populations have been found in Queensland as a result of increased surveying. It is listed as rare in Queensland and New South Wales.
Recently, the development of an extensive highway system and rapidly expanding coastal lowland development has increased threats to this species. Several populations have been directly affected by road construction and fragmentation by roads and housing is probably significantly restricting movements between populations.
Protection of breeding sites in state forests, national parks and other conservation parks and reserves is in place. However, a management plan for the conservation of this species is needed.
Jean-Marc Hero, Harry Hines, Ed Meyer, Frank Lemckert, David Newell, John Clarke 2004. Litoria brevipalmata. In: IUCN 2014