Minyobates steyermarki
Demonic Poison Frog or Yapacana’s Little Red Frog
family: Dendrobatidae
subfamily: Dendrobatinae

© 2009 Lars Fehlandt (1 of 4)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
CITES Appendix II
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is restricted to Cerro Yapacana, at elevations from 600-1,300m asl, in Amazonas state, Venezuela.

Habitat and Ecology

It occurs in terrestrial bromeliads in montane tepui forest. Breeding probably takes place in bromeliads.


According to Gorzula and Señaris (1999) this frog is exceedingly common in bromeliads on the summit, and it is possible to collect hundreds in just a few hours. It is still found in great numbers.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Intensive open gold mining in the area is a major threat to the species' habitat. Barrio and Fuentes (1999) reported the illegal collection and exportation of some 150 specimens to Germany, and other collections for scientific purposes. Wildfires might also be a threat to the species' habitat.

Conservation Actions

Cerro Yapacana is a Venezuelan natural monument, like most other tepuis in the region. Surveys are necessary to monitor the population trends of this species. Measures are also required to combat illegal trade of this species, and to regulate the mining activities so that the survival of the species is not jeopardised.


Enrique La Marca, Celsa Señaris 2004. Minyobates steyermarki. In: IUCN 2014


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