Nectophrynoides cryptus
family: Bufonidae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
CITES Appendix I
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Tanzania, United Republic of


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from the northern part of the Uluguru Mountains in Tanzania where it has been recorded at 600-2,200m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

The type series was collected in forest, secondary forest, banana cultivation and bamboo. From this information, it seems that it can tolerate a degree of habitat disturbance, but probably not the complete opening of its habitat that has taken place in some parts of the Ulugurus. It is ovoviviparous, with internal fertilization, the females retaining the larvae internally in the oviduct until the birth of the toadlets.


There have been no records of this species since the original collections of the species in 1926 and 1927. In view of the amount of herpetological work that has taken place in this area, it would appear to be a rare species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The habitat of this species is probably being lost to agricultural encroachment, wood extraction, and expanding human settlements, especially at lower altitudes.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in the Uluguru North Forest Reserve, but this area is not generally managed for biodiversity conservation. Improved management of this reserve, and the protection of other remaining forest habitat in the Ulugurus, is necessary.
It is listed on CITES Appendix I.


Simon Loader, John Poynton, Kim Howell 2004. Nectophrynoides cryptus. In: IUCN 2014


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